L’aéroport de Manille est devenu trop petit !

Avec une capacité maximum de l’ordre de 35 millions de passager par an, il lui faudra en recevoir 38 millions en 2015.

En l’absence de remise du projet d’Ayala Corporation, c’est le projet du Jica qui devrait être retenu. A savoir l’utilisation, après transformation, de l’ancien aéroport  militaire américain de Sangley point. 

Ce sera en fait comme ajouter une troisième piste au Ninoy Aquino International Airport, les deux aéroports seront alors gérés par le même contrôle du fait de leur proximité l’un de l’autre.

Le principal avantage du choix de Sangley est que celui-ci pourra être opérationnel dès 2017, avec une seule piste tout du moins. A l’horizon 2020 il est prévu que Sangley offre l’utilisation de quatre pistes parallèles orientées 070 / 250º.
La piste principale du NAIA étant elle orientée 060 / 240º.


THE PHILIPPINES is looking at using a former US navy base as an alternative to Manila’s dilapidated main international airport, after San Miguel Corp. refused to submit a formal proposal for a $10-billion gateway it had planned to build.
San Miguel submitted a “list of suggestions but not an unsolicited proposal” which is required by law for private sector-initiated projects, Transportation Assistant Secretary Jaime Raphael Feliciano told Reuters on Wednesday.

This was confirmed by San Miguel President Ramon Ang late Wednesday.

“We don’t want to, because that’s unfair [to other prospective bidders],” Mr. Ang said, when asked if the company had submitted an unsolicited proposal.

Instead of asking San Miguel to submit an “unsolicited” proposal, the government should hold a public bidding to be fair to other investors who may also be interested in undertaking the project, he said.

The Transportation department has repeatedly asked San Miguel, the most diversified Philippine conglomerate, to submit an “unsolicited” proposal for its planned airport, which would be subject to state scrutiny and open to competition.

In March, San Miguel had presented plans to build a new $10-billion international airport in Manila, including four runways and an elevated toll road to connect the airport to the Makati financial district, as well as reclaiming more land.

San Miguel later said it was willing to take on other top conglomerates as partners, like SM Investments Corp. and Ayala Corp.

Mr. Feliciano said in the absence of a formal proposal from San Miguel, the government had asked the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) to conduct a full-fledged study into the feasibility of converting a former US navy base at Sangley Point in southwestern Cavite province into an alternative to the congested and ageing Ninoy Aquino International Airport.

“JICA has proposed... Sangley as the location for the new primary gateway after considering other options which it found less ideal,” Mr. Feliciano said in an e-mail response to Reuters.

“To determine, however, the viability of this project, a full feasibility study must be conducted.”

A full feasibility study on an airport at Sangley will include a review of financing options, including public-private partnership scheme, inexpensive development assistance loans or the state budget, Mr. Feliciano said.

An airport at Sangley formed part of a slew of infrastructure projects proposed by JICA to the Philippine government.

July 13

The Department of Transportation and Communication on Sunday said that the next main airport will be at Sangley Point in Cavite City as recommended by the Japan International Cooperation Agency.

In a statement, Transportation Secretary Joseph Emilio "Jun" Abaya said that the new airport will operate under an "integrated airspace" with the same air traffic control as the Ninoy Aquino International Airport until 2025.

"JICA’s recommendation means that, in effect, the new Sangley airport will be NAIA’s ‘third runway’ until greater expansion can be made in the long-term," the former Cavite representative said.

Sangley Point in Cavite City is a former US Naval Station. It is now under the control of the Philippine Navy and the Philippine Air Force.

Instead of building a $10-billion four-runway airport, Abaya said the government plans to initially construct only one or two runways to upgrade Sangley Point's airport so the new airport can be used sooner.

Closing down NAIA is still an option, the Transportation secretary said, adding that they have until 2025 to decide on the matter. Sangley Point is expected to have been upgraded to a four-runway airport.

Meanwhile, Abaya said that it has yet to present it final airport strategy to President Benigno Aquino III, adding they are "still open" to other proposals.

“We are pursuing JICA’s recommendations since its study has been officially authorized by the DOTC for several years," he said.

The Transportation separtment is set to conclude its own feasibility study regarding the new international Sangley airport next year, he noted. 

Abaya added that they have to formally accept a proposal from San Miguel Corporation.

“In the meantime, we will continue upgrading NAIA and encouraging the rapid growth of Clark International Airport, which we still see developing into a major international gateway in the long-term, alongside our plans for NAIA and Sangley,” he said.

In 2011, JICA identified eight potential sites as an alternative to NAIA. These were Angat-Pandi-Bustos; Obando; North Manila Bay; Central Manila Bay; Sangley Point; San Nicholas Shoals; West Laguna Lake; and Rizal-Talim Island. JICA ranked each site based on criteria such as catchment area, navigation risk, natural hazard risk, and accessibility.

Last month, JICA presented the results of its study that showed that Sangley Point is the most feasible location for an international airport that will replace NAIA.

July 30

 Sangley Point and Clark International Airport can help solve the country's airport problems if utilized properly, according to experts.

Sangley, a former US naval base in Cavite, is being eyed to replace the congested Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) in 10 years because of its proximity to Metro Manila.

Shizuo Iwata, project manager at the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), said that among eight candidate locations for the new airport, Sangley Point was the most favorable site.

In its assessment of the sites, JICA found that Sangley Point is the best choice in terms of accessibility, catchment and urban development.

"By opening a new airport in Sangley, we can have a large potential for urban development," he said at the MAP general meeting on Thursday.

Iwata said Sangley can be the solution to the country's airport woes both in the short- and long-term.

He said Sangley can used as a third runway and share the functions of NAIA as early as 2017.

Sangley can also use the same air traffic control as NAIA and can be accessed through high speed boats and improved roads.

Currently, NAIA only has two runways, which has resulted to flight delays.

NAIA terminal 1 has been tagged as the "world's worst airport" due to its congestion and poorly maintained facilities.

Further studies are needed, but Iwata said that if indeed Sangley is chosen as the new NAIA, the 33-year-old NAIA can be shut down by 2025.

Iwata estimates the development of Sangley to cost around $11 billion.

"It is expensive, but financially and economically viable," he said, adding that the government can raise about $2-$3 billion from the sale of the old NAIA.

Avelino Zapanta, president and chief executive of Southeast Asian Airlines International Inc., also suggested that Sangley can help in the decongestion of NAIA in the short-term through the transfer of general aviation.

Cargo planes and other private aircraft are also taking up space at the NAIA.

Zapanta believes that government will have to step in for the transfer of these planes.

"We have encountered lack of political will on the part of government because general aviation is primarily involving the rich and famous of the country. We can't just demolish their hangars at NAIA," he said at the same forum.

Clark airport

Clark, on the other hand, can be used as a low cost carrier hub to decongest NAIA.

Iwata believes that Clark and NAIA, which are located 100 kilometers apart, should work as a dual airport because it caters to different markets.

"Clark will serve for the Central and Northern Luzon while NAIA will serve for the main metropolitan area," he said.

Zapanta, meanwhile, suggests that NAIA should be solely used as a domestic hub while Clark is used as an international hub.

Zapanta, however, opposed plans to close down NAIA in the future because of its prime location.

"We believe that we cannot close NAIA even in the future in order to make money because the origin and the destination traffic of NAIA is in Manila," he said, noting that transporting passengers from Clark to Manila "will create a bigger problem."

Five international airlines are transferring to the NAIA-3 starting August, which will help decongest NAIA-1.

As of 2012, passenger demand at the NAIA catchment area stood at 32 million, but it is expected to rise to 38 million in 2015, according to the JICA study.

By 2025, it is projected to reach 60 million.

The capacity of NAIA is estimated to be approximately 35 million passengers per year.

August 3

The Department of Transportation and Communications will seek Malacañang’s approval for a crucial airport strategy before the end of the year, given that the country’s primary gateway, the Ninoy Aquino International Airport, is set to reach full capacity by 2015, a decade before a potential replacement airport in Sangley Point, Cavite, is finished.

Those projections, contained in an infrastructure roadmap for Metro Manila prepared by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (Jica) and the National Economic and Development Authority (Neda), would serve as the main basis for the presentation, DOTC spokesperson Michael Sagcal said in an interview Monday. He said the presentation could be done in the latter part of 2014.

The department is in the process of establishing that Sangley is the final site for the new airport and Transportation Secretary Joseph Abaya said Monday that a feasibility study was being undertaken.

“We still need presidential approval for that,” he added in a text message.

The new Sangley airport, estimated by Jica to have a development cost of P435.9 billion, is deemed crucial in meeting the capital region’s passenger demand, seen to more than triple to 101.4 million in 2040 from 31.9 million in 2012, according to the roadmap.

The Sangley International Airport would be able to handle about 55 million passengers a year when it opens in 2025, which together with the existing Naia would be enough to meet the area’s estimated demand of 59.1 million, Jica said. The Sangley facility could eventually be expanded to handle 130 million passengers annually by 2050, it said.

As noted, the crucial decisions need to come within 2014, given that the existing Naia is nearing its estimated maximum capacity of 35 million passengers a year, seen to be breached in 2015.

“As a rule of thumb, Naia would totally be capacity-saturated in 2015 and not be able to cater for the increasing passenger demand anymore,” it said.

This means a shorter-term fix is also required. Jica said one solution was to extend the existing Sangley runway at an estimated cost of P4 billion, which would allow the facility to act as a supplemental “third runway” to the existing Naia.

This project, assuming approvals are obtained this year, could be open by 2017, Jica said.
The roadmap also contained suggestions for supplemental infrastructure like expressways and bridges and possible railway expansion projects that would link the planned international airport in Sangley.

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