5/05/2014

LA CHINE MET LA PRESSION ... AUX PARACELS !

La Chine met la pression.

Après avoir avancé quelques pions, la République Populaire de Chine déplace maintenant un cavalier. Elle entend prospecter le pétrole et le gaz autour des îles ‘’Paracels’’, îles revendiquées par le Viêt Nam et Taïwan.



Ces derniers temps la Chine s’est montrée de plus en plus agressive au sujet de ses revendications sur une partie de la Mer de Chine Orientale et sur pratiquement la totalité de la Mer de Chine du Sud.

Création d’une zone de défense aérienne englobant les îles Senkaku, qui appartiennent au Japon,

prise de possession du Scarborough Shoal, au large des côtes de Luzon, arraisonnement de bateaux de ravitaillement, sous pavillon philippin, qui se dirigeaient en direction du Thomas Shoal, patrouilles dans les eaux territoriales de la Malaisie et de Bruney, etc.

Durant la période de la colonisation française au Viet Nam, les îles Paracels sont sous l’administration française de 1885 à 1949.

Après la seconde guerre mondiale, la République de Chine (Taïwan) installe une garnison sur les îles.

En 1974, la République Populaire de Chine a recours à la force pour les envahir.

En 2012, après avoir annoncé la création d’une nouvelle préfecture couvrant la Mer de Chine, le gouvernement chinois annonce l’implantation de militaires sur l’île à l’arbre (Yongxing).

Cela semble vouloir indiquer une escalade dans les revendications territoriales de la Chine, alors que l’armée des États-Unis d’Amérique revient s’installer, pour aux moins dix ans, aux Philippines.


Vietnam demanded China stop oil drilling operations in a disputed patch of the South China Sea, saying on Monday that Beijing's decision to deploy a deep sea rig over the weekend was illegal.

China dismissed the objections, saying the activity was being carried out in its territorial waters.

Beijing's increasingly assertive territorial claims to the waters, which are thought to have large oil and gas deposits beneath them, have angered Vietnam, the Philippines and other claimants. The region is widely seen as a potential area of conflict.

Last week, President Barack Obama signed a new defense pact with the Philippines aimed at reassuring Asian allies of American backing as they wrangle with Beijing's growing economic and military might.

The China Maritime Safety Administration posted a navigational warning on its website advising that the CNOOC 981 rig would be drilling in the South China Sea from May 4 to Aug. 15, in an area close to the Paracel Islands, which are controlled by China but Vietnam claims as its own.

China's maritime administration also said that ships entering a 3-mile (4.8-kilometers) radius around the area are prohibited.


Vietnam's foreign ministry said the area where the rig was stationed lay within Vietnam's exclusive economic zone and continental shelf as defined by the 1982 U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea.

"All foreign activities in Vietnam's seas without Vietnam's permission are illegal and invalid," the ministry said in a statement. "Vietnam resolutely protests them."

Vietnam's state-owned oil company, PetroVietnam, demanded that China National Offshore Oil Corporation "immediately stop all the illegal activities and withdraw the rig from Vietnamese waters."

Asked about Vietnam's objections, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said the drilling was taking place in Chinese waters.

Many analysts believe China is embarking on a strategy of gradually pressing its claims in the water by seeing what it can get away with, believing that its much smaller neighbors will be unable or unwilling to stop them. Vietnam has accused Chinese ships of cutting cables to its exploration vessels and harassing fishermen, as has the Philippines.

Chinese assertiveness puts Vietnam's authoritarian government in difficult position domestically because anger at China, an ideological ally, runs deep in the country. This is exploited by dissident movements, who accuse the government of being unwilling to speak out against Beijing.


Tran Cong Truc, the former head of a government committee overseeing the country's border issues, said the latest Chinese move was especially provocative.


"This act by China is much more dangerous than previous actions such as cutting the exploration cable or fishing bans," he said.


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