Aux Etats-Unis, dans l’Etat de la Californie, la communauté Philippines est la plus importante communauté asiatique de l’état avec plus de 1,5 millions de personnes.

Chiffre que l’on peut comparer aux 1,4 millions de Chinois qui y sont installés.

Si 55 % des personnes de cette communauté sont nées aux Philippines, de plus en plus de naissances  sur le territoire américain sont enregistrées et de plus en plus nombreuses sont celle qui sont multiraciales.

Même si l’on constate un faible pourcentage de descendants de Filipinos inscrits dans les Universités locale, le niveau d’éducation de la communauté reste élevé.
Ce ne sont pas les plus pauvres et les moins éduqués qui ont émigré en Californie.

 Filipinos are the largest Asian minority group in California today.

They also rank second only to Indians for having the least poor and least low-income community members among all Asians in the state. But they also have the lowest admission rates in the University of California system.

These are some of the findings of a comprehensive new study of the Asian American community in California, "A Community of Contrasts: Asian Americans and Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islanders, 2013," by the Asian American Center for Advancing Justice, a coalition of several Asian American advocacy groups.

One of the study's aims is to "debunk the model minority myth" by showing the complexities within the Asian population as well as the diverse economic and health realities experienced by each ethnic group.

Crunched from Census data and statistics from several federal and state agencies on the decade spanning 2000 to 2010, the findings present a detailed look into each of the 23 distinct Asian ethnicities concentrated in California.

Fast growth

Filipinos are the largest ethnic group in California at 1.5 million, followed by Chinese at 1.4 million. The Filipino population grew 34 percent during the decade, mirroring the rapid overall Asian American growth rate.

Indeed, while Latinos are projected to be the majority population in California by 2014, Asians have a faster growth rate of 34 percent compared with Latinos at 28 percent. Whites, meanwhile, declined by five percent.

Up to 55 percent of Filipinos were born in the Philippines, and they represent the highest number of immigrants among Asians who acquired permanent residence in ten years-255,987.
As a result, Tagalog is next only to Chinese as the most spoken among Asian languages. But reflective of diverse ages and educational and social backgrounds, 19 percent of Filipinos over five years old have limited English proficiency.

Filipinos are also intermarrying and having offspring with other ethnic and racial groups-16 percent are multiracial.

Filipinos are relatively well educated. Up to 93 percent of Filipinos have a high school diploma or higher, and 46 percent have a bachelor's degree or higher.

But along with Laotian, Cambodian and Pakistanis, young Filipinos have the lowest University of California (the state university system) admission rates.

While California's per capita income is at US$29,188 and the Asian per capita income is $29, 841 Filipino per capita income lags at $26,971. Indians have the highest Asian per capita earnings at $40,303. White per capita income is $42,052.

However, the Filipino community is next only to Indians in having the least poor and least low-income members among Asian groups in the state-6 percent of Filipinos are poor and 17 percent low-income.

More than half of Filipinos in the state-58 percent-are homeowners, while 42 percent are renters, compared with 63 percent Chinese homeowners and 64 percent white homeowners.
Heart disease, cancer, stroke and diabetes are the leading causes of death among Filipinos in California, and 11 percent of them have no health insurance.

Filipinos in Northern California

Immigrant Filipinos have brought to their new environment both the barangay structure and the plaza complex of their homeland. In Daly City and other cities, Filipino families pool their resources to buy or maintain a house and lot, preferring to locate them near other Filipinos. 

But unlike the barangay in the Philippines, the new neighborhoods lack a sense of community, with few connections or bridges between people. Though Filipinos constitute more than 30% of the population of Daly City, there are few Filipino service providers and agencies linking the people from their "island." 

To rekindle the barangay spirit, and reaffirm their Filipino identity, Filipinos tend to visit the fragmented and dispersed "structures" of the old plaza. They form community through their churches, congregations, and prayer groups; their family and clan gatherings; and their regional, hometown, and alumni associations.

San Francisco’s South of Market (SOMA) area functions as a plaza, where Filipino services (including health and education) are available for seniors, families, and youth. 

The area is also the center of gravity for cultural and religious activities. However, the SOMA residents tend to be low-income, less educated renters who come from villages in the Philippines. In terms of culture, values, and familial relationships, they are barrio folks threatened by the increasing gentrification of the neighborhood.

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